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Editor's Corner/Over a Cup of Tea
    Saluting Southeast Asian Countries that Stand Up Against China’s
              posturing in West Philippine Sea (South China Sea)
Heidi M. Pascual
Publisher & Editor
2006 Journalist of the year
for the State of Wisconsin
OCA Alarmed by Profiling of Iranian Americans
Recently, Indonesian President Joko Widodo affirmed his country’s sovereignty over Natuna islands, by visiting
the islands and making the remarks after Chinese Coast Guard vessels escorted Chinese fishing boats into
Indonesia’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) north of Natuna Islands.
A week earlier, it was reported that Indonesia dismissed China’s invitation to sit down for a dialogue regarding similar incidents of Chinese
“incursions,” strongly arguing that Indonesia would never recognize China’s “Nine-dash Line,” China’s claim over South China Sea, because it
was against international law.

Two months ago, Vietnam also rejected China’s statement on sovereignty over Truong Sa (Spratly archipelago), stressing that Vietnam has
sufficient historical and legal evidence proving ownership/sovereignty over both Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa islands. The country earlier
demanded that China withdraw its ships from its territorial

waters. Chinese ships were reportedly “survey vessels” whose presence in Vietnam’s territory was a violation of the United Nations Convention
on the Law of the Sea. Vietnam believes that no country can claim any part of the Sea that exceeds geographical limits and beyond what the
UNCLOS provides.

It’s interesting to note that international maritime experts condemn China’s unilateral acts in the disputed sea. News releases from Vietnam
News Agency for example, reported that on October 8, lawyer Bernard Insel said the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague in 2016
rejected China's claim over the so-called "nine-dash line" in the South China Sea, and affirmed that the 1982 United Nations Convention on the
Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982) must be the sole basis for a rightful claim. Japanese expert Professor Daisuke Hosokawa of the Osaka
University of Economics also agreed to this assessment, adding that China’s recent activities are unilateral and provocative, inviting tension in
the disputed area.In addition, last September 21, over 50 experts from research institutes and universities in the Czech Republic gathered at a
recent workshop in Prague on resolving disputes in the South China or East Sea, and their main speaker, Dr. Bill Hayton, senior expert of the
Asia-Pacific Programme at Chatham House of the UK, said that the dispute is complex issue, for it not only involves China and ASEAN member
countries that have claimed sovereignty in the sea, but also concerns a geopolitical competition between big countries, especially the US and
Transforming the Culture of Power
Introduction and summary
“The power belongs to the person who is right. The power is the truth, and sooner
or later, the truth will come to light.” – Maricruz Ladino, farmworker and survivor
of GBV

In 2006, Maricruz Ladino, a farmworker at a California lettuce-packing plant, was
repeatedly harassed by her supervisor. She rebuffed his lewd requests and
comments, but he was unrelenting. Eventually, as they were heading back from a
day’s work in the fields, he took her to another location and raped her. She was
afraid to come forward, but after several months, she finally mustered the
courage to complain about what had happened. Instead of taking action against
her supervisor, her employer fired her. --
An Examination of Gender-Based Violence in the United States
By Jocelyn Frye, Shilpa Phadke, Robin Bleiweis, Maggie Jo Buchanan, Danielle
Corley, and Osub Ahmed with Rebecca Cokley, Laura E. Durso, and Chelsea
Combating the White-Nationalist
Terrorist Threat
By Simon Clark
Once again, white-nationalist violence has claimed American lives.
The 22 innocents murdered in El Paso join too many other victims of
this terrorist ideology. Eleven people were killed at the Tree of Life
Synagogue in Pittsburgh. Nine worshippers were massacred at
Emanuel AME Church in Charleston. And all but one of the U.S. terror
victims last year were killed by white nationalists. Yet, the Trump
administration continues to undermine efforts to take the threat
seriously, all while the president and his supporters echo the
xenophobic, racist, and eliminationist language of white nationalism.
How Partisan Gerrymandering Prevents Legislative
Action on Gun Violence
By Alex Tausanovitch, Chelsea Parsons, and Rukmani Bhatia
Introduction and summary
Public support for commonsense gun laws in the United States has been steadily
increasing in recent years, due in large part to a seemingly ceaseless string of
horrific mass shootings, rates of gun-related homicide that are unmatched by
those of other high-income nations, and an epidemic of suicide by firearm.

Yet while some states have responded by implementing sensible gun safety
measures, too many states have taken no action at all. In these states, there
remains a disconnect between voters and the state legislators elected to
represent them. --
Wisconsin Women of Color Network
Scholarship Fundraiser
By Jonathan Gramling

The Wisconsin Women of Color Network's Scholarship
Fundraiser is always a fun way to start the Holiday Season.
There are vendors who line the walls selling gifts large and
small that make perfect holiday gifts. --
What It Looks Like To
Be Hungry in College
By Dante Barboy
Over the past few years, the issue of food insecurity among college students
has gained national attention—and with good reason. A study released earlier
this year by the Hope Center for College, Community, and Justice found that 48
percent of students at two-year institutions and 41 percent of students at four-
year institutions experienced food insecurity during the 30 days preceding the

A new study from Trellis Company provides policymakers and advocates further
insight into what it looks like to be hungry while in college. The study defined
low food security as a situation in which a student missed meals altogether or
couldn’t afford a balanced meal. --
Jan 15, 2020

Washington, DC - OCA - Asian Pacific American Advocates strongly condemns the increased surveillance and reports of
interrogation of Iranian Americans at U.S. ports of entry. On January 5, the Council on American-Islamic Relations
received reports that a 24-year old Iranian American medical student was allegedly detained and interrogated for over
ten hours before being released. According to reports, more than 60 Iranians and Iranian Americans were similarly
detained and questioned at the Peace Arch Border Crossing between Canada and Washington State. Many more were
denied entry entirely due to lack of capacity for Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to detain them.

Many of these travelers were returning home from an Iranian pop concert that took place Saturday night in Vancouver,

Ahead of the weekend, the agency received new, nationwide protocol to “report” and “detain” suspicious Iranians
entering the country, regardless of their citizenship or immigration status. In practice, CBP’s actions amount to illegal
detentions of United States citizens. OCA denounces this racial profiling as a gross violation of the law and a complete
infringement on the rights of Iranian Americans. OCA believes that our country should have realized the grave
wrongdoings of Japanese American internment, in which American citizens were targeted for their Japanese ancestry
during wartime. However, CAIR’s reports indicate that America is bound by the same fear, and the rights of Americans
continue to be jeopardized.

“OCA calls on the Department of Homeland Security and Customs and Border Protection to end acts of racial
discrimination disguised under ‘national security,’” said Roland Hwang, OCA National Vice President of Public Affairs.
“These acts perpetuate unnecessary fear of immigrants which only further divides our country.”  --