Social Security column
By Karyl Richson
Social Security Public Affairs Specialist in
Milwaukee, WI
MARCH  2014

A new year is a time for change. People across the world make resolutions and set goals to better themselves and the world around
them. Whether you want to shed a few pounds, secure your finances for retirement, devote more time to charity or go on a vacation
you’ve always dreamed about, chances are you have some ideas for a fresh start in 2014.

Social Security is no different. Our goal is to provide the best service possible to everyone who comes to us for help, whether they’re
applying for disability benefits or getting verification of their Social Security number. By investing in new technologies and finding
innovative, cost-effective ways to deliver service, we are able to reach this goal. We continue to rank high in customer service
satisfaction and have the best online services in government, providing the best service to those who come to us for help.

Technology is vital to delivering quality service, and we continue to provide more options for customers to do business with us over
the Internet or through self-service kiosks. For example, my Social Security provides people who use the Internet a secure way to do
business with us in an easy and convenient way at

We are making changes in the way we provide some services so we can serve the vast majority of Americans better and more
efficiently. Most people won’t even notice the changes. So allow us to fill you in.
Later this year, Social Security will stop providing benefit verification letters in our local offices. You can still get an instant letter online
by creating a personal my Social Security account at, or by calling our toll-free telephone number
at 1-800-772-1213 to request one by mail.

In addition, we will discontinue providing Social Security number printouts. These printouts have no security features and could be
easily misused or counterfeited. If you need proof of your Social Security number and you do not have your Social Security card, you
may apply for a replacement card by completing the Application for a Social Security Card and providing the required documentation.
You’ll find the application online at As always, we continue to work directly with other
agencies to minimize the need for furnishing proof of your Social Security number.

You may want to check out our webinar that aired live on January 9, “Benefit Verification Letters Online, Easy as 1-2-3.” The webinar
explains how to establish an account on my Social Security, how to get a benefit verification letter and other services offered at our
website. Watch the webinar at

We wish you all the best in 2014 and hope that you are successful in meeting your own goals and resolutions. If one of them is to do
business with Social Security, or even if it is not, we will strive to continue providing the best and most secure customer service
possible. Learn more about Social Security and what we do for you at

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You’ve probably noticed the unusually cold and stormy weather we’ve been experiencing this year. That makes it more appropriate
than ever to recognize National Umbrella Month this March.

National Umbrella Month is a time to celebrate a useful invention used by most everyone. It’s no coincidence that the month comes
at the beginning of the rainy season. April showers may bring May flowers, but the rain starts pouring in March. When the rain pours,
an umbrella has you covered.

If you work and pay Social Security taxes, we have you covered too. Whether the storm that hits you unexpectedly is a disability, the
loss of a loved one, or an unexpected early retirement (such things can sneak up on you like a sudden storm), Social Security’s
umbrella of coverage will keep you protected from the harsh weather.

You qualify for Social Security benefits by earning credits when you work in a job or are self-employed and pay Social Security payroll
taxes. In 2014, you receive one credit for each $1,200 of earnings, up to the maximum of four credits per year. Most people need 10
years of work (40 credits) to be eligible for retirement benefits.

The number of credits you need for ¬disability benefits depends on how old you are when you become disabled. For example, if your
disability occurs before age 24, you generally need 1 1/2 years of work (six credits) in the three years before you became disabled. At
age 31 or older, you generally need at least 20 credits in the 10 years immediately before you became disabled.

In most cases, you need to have worked about 10 years for surviving family members to qualify for survivors benefits. Survivors of
very young workers may be eligible if the deceased worker was employed for 1 1/2 years during the three years before his or her

Umbrellas have been around for thousands of years. Social Security has only been around since 1935. Yet the Social Security
umbrella covers an expanded range of services for you and your family. When you need to learn more about disability, survivors or
retirement, the place to go is And you don’t even have to grab your umbrella on your way to apply—just do it
online from the dry comfort of your own home or office computer.

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March 2 is the National Education Association’s Read Across America Day, held each year on the birthday of Dr. Seuss. The
Seussical celebration kicks off a week of reading across the nation. As Dr. Seuss himself said, “You’re never too old, too wacky, too
wild, to pick up a book and read with a child.”

Is it coincidence that the very next day marks a somewhat lesser-known holiday: If Pets Had Thumbs Day? We think not—and so, we
offer our own Seussical take on the holiday worthy of a Seuss book … with a Social Security twist.

If Pets Had Thumbs
Your pet may appear slower to some,
but what could your pet do if it had a thumb?

Your pet may still use his mouth to eat,
yet for playing ball he could use his front feet.

A dog who is happy may usually wag,
but may find a ‘thumbs up’ less of a drag.

Dogs love to chase cars and sometimes a bike,
but using a thumb, they may learn to hitchhike.

Let’s not forget cats, so light on their feet,
who may open the fridge to find something to eat.

The cat in your fridge? Before you get bitter,
consider, with thumbs, it could change its own litter.

Thumbed dogs and cats would grow ambitious, I’ll bet,
and soon would be surfing the Internet.

Typing and clicking and spending the day
browsing the pictures at ASPCA.

You could put them to work doing something they love
with a visit to

A golden retriever’s as good as it gets
for retrieving a variety of estimates.

Our Retirement Estimator is where to send her
if she has thumbs and can remember.

The place to go for the thumbed pet you love
is our website:
Getting an estimate is very easy,
so your pet can do it in one-two-threesy.

Thumbs are in style, but you won’t find a vet
who can yet transplant one on a pet, I’ll bet.

So if you need a retirement estimate,
we suggest you and your thumb browse the net.
With your pet at your side giving loyal, thumb-less love,
pay a visit, yourself, to
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“Beware the Ides of March,” said the soothsayer to Caesar in William Shakespeare’s play, Julius Caesar. We at Social Security
recommend you beware not only the Ides of March, but every day—and every time—you go on the Internet. Identity theft and cyber-
crimes are among the fastest-growing crimes in America.

Today’s savvy thieves have added identity to the list of things they can rob. Their targets are people who use the Internet, and by the
time you realize you’ve been robbed, Brutus may already have done his damage and escaped.

“Et tu, Brute?” Caesar said as his good friend Brutus betrayed him. Even webpages and online sources that appear friendly and
trustworthy could be plotting against you. This is why you should protect your personally identifiable information, such as your Social
Security number, date of birth and mother’s maiden name. Never give this information out in an email or fill it in on a website asking
for it, unless you are absolutely sure that you know and trust the source. And even then, be cautious.

That said, if you conduct business on, there’s no need to worry. Our online transactions are secure and
convenient. You are protected when you are on our website.

If you think you’ve been the victim of an online Brutus, don’t simply tear your toga. You should contact the Federal Trade Commission
at Or you can call 1-877-IDTHEFT (1-877-438-4338); TTY 1-866-653-4261.

There will continue to be those who believe it won’t happen to them. And there will continue to be victims. “The Ides of March have
come,” Caesar said, doubting the prophecy that he would become a victim on March 15.

“Aye, Caesar,” the soothsayer replied, “but not gone.”

Sure, you may have used the Internet for years and may consider yourself savvy. But there’s always tomorrow for a Brutus to strike.
When it comes to providing personal information on the Internet, treat every day as though it’s the Ides of March.
Unless you’re in a secure place that you trust, like After all, on the Ides of March and every day of the year,
Security is our middle name—literally.

Learn more about identity theft by reading our online publication, Identity Theft And Your Social Security Number, available at

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The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, held each March in Alaska, is one of the harshest, most challenging races known to man (or dog).
Mushers embark on a race from Anchorage to Nome that takes between 9 and 15 days. Contestants bear sub-zero temperatures
with gale-force winds that can cause wind chills as low as negative 100 degrees Fahrenheit! It takes endurance, preparation, and
careful planning to make it from start to finish.

The same can be said for your race toward retirement and Social Security. No one would hit the trail without being ready for the
challenges. Similarly, no worker today should be navigating toward retirement without a little bit of preparing, planning, and stick-to-

Choosing your steps is as important as selecting the right sled dogs. Your first step in planning for a comfortable retirement is to
look at your Social Security Statement, which you can do online easily with a my Social Security account. The online Statement is
easy to use and provides estimates you should consider in planning for your retirement. It provides estimates for disability and
survivors benefits, making the Statement an important financial planning tool. Your Statement allows you to review and ensure your
earnings are accurately posted to your Social Security record. This feature is important because Social Security benefits are based
on average earnings over your lifetime. If the information is incorrect, or you have earnings missing from your record, you may not
receive all of the benefits to which you are entitled in the future. Visit to set up a my Social Security
account and get started.

Before heading into the snowy terrain, you want to make sure you have prepared for a number of different possible obstacles on the
trail. For retirement planning, you’ll want to test out the Retirement Estimator to see how changes in your income, retirement age,
and other variables may change your overall plan. Use our Retirement Estimator, where you can get a personalized, instant estimate
of your future retirement benefits using different retirement ages and scenarios. Visit the Retirement Estimator at

Out in the cold, you’ll be thankful for the provisions you’ve brought along. In retirement, you’ll understand why it was so important for
you to save early on. The sooner you begin your financial planning, the better off you will be. Social Security replaces about 40
percent of the average worker’s pre-retirement earnings, but most financial advisors say that you will need 70 percent or more of pre-
retirement earnings to live comfortably. You also will need other savings, investments, pensions or retirement accounts to make
sure you have financial security to live comfortably when you retire. Visit the Ballpark Estimator for tips to help you save. You’ll find it at

Use our online library of publications as your trail map or guidebook to help you when it comes to planning for retirement. Check out
When To Start Receiving Retirement Benefits. It and many other useful publications can be found at

As you mush, mush, mush toward retirement, remember that it’s not about the destination, but all about the journey. Spending a little
time to prepare along the way will make all the difference when you cross the finish line into retirement.

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My neighbor said my kids, 8 and 15, might be eligible for survivors’ benefits since their mother died. Are they?
Maybe. Their mother must have worked and earned the required number of Social Security credits. If she did, both you and your
children may be eligible for benefits. Apply promptly for survivors benefits because benefits are generally retroactive only up to six
months. You can apply by calling Social Security's toll-free number, 1-800-772-1213, between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. on Monday through
Friday. People who are deaf or hard of hearing may call our toll-free TTY number, 1-800-325-0778. For more information, read our
publication Survivors Benefits available at

I'm expecting a baby this June. What do I need to do to get a Social Security number for my baby?
Apply for a number at the hospital when you apply for your baby's birth certificate. The state agency that issues birth certificates will
share your child's information with us, and we will mail the Social Security card to you. You can learn more about the Social Security
number and card by reading our online publication on the subject, available at


How long does it take to complete the online application for retirement benefits?
It can take as little as 15 minutes to complete the online application. In most cases, once your application is submitted electronically,
you’re done. There are no forms to sign and usually no documentation is required. Social Security will process your application and
contact you if any further information is needed. There's no need to drive to a local Social Security office or wait for an appointment
with a Social Security representative. To retire online, go to

My husband doesn't have enough work credits to qualify for Social Security retirement benefits. Can he qualify on my record?
A spouse receives one-half of the retired worker's full benefit unless the spouse begins collecting benefits before full retirement age.
If the spouse begins collecting benefits before full retirement age, the amount of the spouse's benefit is reduced by a percentage
based on the number of months before he or she reaches full retirement age. You can learn more by reading our online publication,
Retirement Benefits, available at


I currently receive Social Security disability benefits. I now have a second serious disability. Can my monthly benefit amount be
No. Your Social Security disability benefit amount is based on the amount of your lifetime earnings before your disability began and
not the number of disabling conditions or illnesses you may have. For more information, go to

Is there a time limit on how long I can collect Social Security disability benefits?
No. Your disability benefits will continue as long as your medical condition has not improved and you remain unable to work. Your
case will be reviewed at regular intervals to determine whether you still are disabled. If you are receiving disability benefits when you
reach full retirement age, we will automatically convert them to retirement benefits, without a change in your payment amount. For all
your disability questions, read our publication Disability Benefits, available at


My mother receives Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. She may have to enter a nursing home later this year. How does
this affect her SSI benefits?
Moving to a nursing home can affect your mother's SSI benefits but it depends on the type of facility. In some cases, the SSI payment
may be reduced or stopped. Whenever your mother enters or leaves a nursing home, assisted living facility, hospital, skilled nursing
facility, or any other kind of institution, you must tell Social Security. Call Social Security's toll-free number, 1-800-772-1213 (TTY 1-
800-325-0778). We can answer specific questions and provide free interpreter services from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., Monday through Friday.
We also provide information by automated phone service 24 hours a day.

I receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. How do I notify Social Security that I have changed my address?
If you receive SSI payments, Social Security needs your correct mailing address to send you notices and other correspondence
about your benefits even if you receive your benefits by direct deposit. As an SSI recipient, you must report any change in living
arrangements or address by calling our toll-free number, 1-800-772-1213, or by visiting a local office. If you do not notify us in a timely
manner, you could end up receiving an incorrect payment. It’s important that you report changes timely since some changes can
affect your benefit amount.


My uncle is interested in the Medicare Part D prescription help, but he has about $10,000 in the bank. Would he still be eligible?
Based on his resources, yes. However, there are other factors to consider. This year a person’s total resources are, in most cases,
limited to $13,440 (or $26,860 if married and living with spouse) to qualify for Extra Help with Medicare prescription drug costs.
Resources include the value of the things he owns, such as real estate (other than the place you live), cash, bank accounts, stocks,
bonds, and retirement accounts like IRAs or 401(k)s. There are exceptions. To learn more, go to

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